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September 10, 2014 Comments (0) Fauna

The Salmon

Salmon are Danger Ranger Bear’s favorite fish (to eat). Salmon is the common name for several species of fish from the Salmonidae family. Common varieties are: Coho, Atlantic, Chinook, Chum, Pink, Sockeye and Masu.

Most Salmon are anadromous- meaning they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean where they spend most of their lives and then return to fresh water to reproduce.

Salmon are widely distributed and can be found in fresh water lakes and streams as well as the ocean due to their unusual life cycle. Most Salmon are anadromous- meaning they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean where they spend most of their lives and then return to fresh water to reproduce.

When Salmon spawn they will often return to their exact place of birth using olfactory markers. It’s on this long trip from the sea where they can be found leaping against the currents to get up river and sometimes into the mouth of a lucky bear. During the Salmon run the males will undergo physical changes such as turning bright red and developing a crooked jaw and hump on there back. (and you thought puberty was bad! ) When the Salmon reach the right place they will meet up with lady salmon over the gravel beds where their eggs are laid. For the males this is pretty much the end, succumbing to the exertion of the journey, while females will return to the sea and possibly do it all over the next year. After the eggs hatch, and the young known as smolts grow large enough, they will return to salt water and start the process all over again.

Wild Salmon is one of the healthiest things you can eat, It is rich with omega-3 fats, proteins and other nutrients. The oily fattiness makes it a hit with bears who gorge themselves on the healthy and delicious fish in order to maintain the weight necessary to hibernate- it also makes the fur shine too!

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